Traffic Safety Axes
Traffic safety with its main hubs is the main factor in reducing traffic accidents
Traffic accidents are a complex problem due to the multiplicity of factors causing them and the multiplicity of agencies competent to deal with these factors.
Our contemporary world is witnessing a growing scientific and technological progress, and this progress has been accompanied by a rapid development in all economic, social and urban areas, and if the transportation movement, whether in the field of passenger transport or in the field of transporting goods and other goods, has evolved but the car remains one of the important and main means in this field .
If the transportation revolution, the expansion of modern road networks, the growing increase in vehicle numbers and the development of traffic are positive factors in the service of society that have led to an increase in the dominance of the human being over his environment and his harnessing of his service and thus contributing to the progress, happiness and well-being of mankind, however the failure to organize and manage it is a negative aspect experienced by societies In general, and societies in developing countries in particular.
The aspirant of traffic accidents finds that it is a problem characterized by serious and complexity, it is a serious problem in view of the tragic consequences and severe consequences it has, whether in terms of loss of life and serious injuries or in terms of material damage that drains a large part of the resources of the countries and is a complex problem in view of the multiplicity The factors that cause it and the multiplicity of agencies competent to deal with these factors. Traffic accidents are one of the most important challenges facing contemporary societies, because they target the person who is the most valuable asset in either death, permanent disability, or injury that hinders him from giving for a period of time.
The problem of traffic accidents has received attention and care, whether at the local level for each country or at the Arab level or at the international level in order to reduce their occurrence and alleviate their scourges and the negative effects that result from health, social or economic aspects.
The problem of traffic accidents, which - unfortunately - is noted with increasing numbers and that its results are getting worse day by day, requires a thorough study of all elements of the traffic process in order to know its causes and stop on the impact of each of these reasons on its occurrence, and that studies have shown However, 90% of these accidents are related to human behavior and wrong behavior of the person using the road, whether it is a driver, passenger or pedestrian, so from here we find that traffic safety with its main axes is the main factor in reducing traffic accidents and their results and works to enhance and raise the awareness of road users of the importance Prevention.
The traffic safety axes are represented in five main axes called (5Es) which are: -
Control and legislation
Awareness and education
Some also add another axis that is not less important than the other axes, which is the axis of the environment and the preservation of its integrity from pollution, despite the fact that many countries have taken measures to reduce car emissions, even with the removal of lead. They are still suffering from pollution caused by the transport sector, as the transportation sector depends on burning all kinds of fuel. Negative repercussions on the environment and air quality, due to the harmful gases emitted from the burning process, as the vehicles of all kinds are the main source of this pollution, the most dangerous.
The axis of control and legislation clarifies the importance of traffic legislation, including laws, regulations and instructions, as it aims to lay down the rules that regulate the traffic process with all its elements and dimensions. From licensing and driving vehicles, drivers licensing, driving education, traffic rules and etiquette, traffic violations and the penalties resulting therefrom in a manner that guarantees the protection of man and his money from the dangers that may result from his mistakes or the mistakes of others while walking on the road, and therefore it is considered an essential element to prevent road accidents and achieve traffic Safety .
The punishment acquires special importance in this field, as it is one of the important means that prevent violating traffic laws and regulations and thus achieving the desired goals in reducing traffic accidents and achieving traffic safety. Traffic legislation and the penalties issued against those who violate this legislation will reduce the occurrence of violations and thus reduce the occurrence of traffic accidents.
Traffic legislation - laws, regulations and instructions - that includes the rules regulating the traffic process with all its components and dimensions and imposing penalties on violators of these rules, and therefore we find that all traffic legislation sets a set of rules and standards to be observed and adhered to to ensure the safe use of the vehicle while it is moving on The road, where it sets specifications and conditions that must be available in the vehicle in order to be allowed to walk on the road. It also sets conditions and tests that must be passed to verify the eligibility of the driver to drive the vehicle and license drivers. It also sets the rules that regulate the process of driving education, traffic rules and etiquette, traffic crimes and the penalties and their procedures and procedures in a manner that enables everyone to use their right in a way that does not contradict the rights of others. This is done in order to protect the person and his money from the dangers resulting from his error or the mistakes of others. And to ensure security and safety for all.
We note that all traffic legislation, and aware by the legislator of the seriousness of the consequences of driving motorized vehicles, prohibits the driving of any vehicle except for those who have a license from the competent licensing authority in every country that authorizes him to drive this type of vehicle, or gets an international market license authorizing it, and this legislation confirms The license is personal and not transferable to another person. Rather, it stipulates that the vehicle may not be handed over to any person unless he has a license to drive it.
As for the axis of road engineering, consideration must be given to the applications of urban planning to reduce road accidents and review of national evidence for traffic engineering studies (strengths and weaknesses) and applications of engineering design of roads and intersections to reduce accidents and improve infrastructure and its impact on enhancing traffic safety and examining and evaluating roads and intersections Dangerous.
The road is one of the main elements of the strategic concept of traffic safety, and that road engineering considers that the road system consists of drivers, pedestrians, vehicles and the road, and it includes the engineering design of the road and its accessories of road barriers, sidewalks and pedestrian standards, horizontal and vertical curves, water drainage, lighting columns and intersections controlled by traffic lights and roundabouts Signals, bridges, and other road elements.
Whenever these elements of the required standards are completed, traffic accidents decrease and lessen their severity, and the driver is in a position more in line with the environment around him, and in order to reach this stage, extensive studies must be made on each of these points represented in the field of vision, which is the main factor in the design of curves Horizontal and vertical.
It is important not to lose sight of the recurring accident at specific geographical points, as this could be primarily due to certain practices at the planning stage that affect traffic safety rates. When making plot divisions on the basis of land use of these plans, and therefore defining areas, focus should be on these The stage on the elements of traffic such as entrances and exits to these areas, which depend on in-depth studies on the expected quality of the users of areas such as residential or commercial or other because each type of future use can attract or generate traffic with specific characteristics in terms of the type of vehicles that determines the field The required road in terms of timing, such as determining the morning or evening peaks, which determines the number of tracks in each direction. These hypotheses are tested by designing models that simulate traffic and other techniques to simulate what will be urged in the future when these areas are built.
Broadening and deepening the concepts of traffic safety, developing the correct and positive directions and disseminating the various guidelines across the media is one of the main requirements upon which the traffic field is based, as the field has become wide and fruitful for these efforts in the field of education, which are evident in the introduction of the terms of traffic safety and their inclusion in the curricula to accommodate the systems Traffic and identifying erroneous behavior and the risk of traffic accidents by instilling the values of respect and commitment to regulations and cooperation with the other at an early stage and teaching them in school, as is followed in some developed countries to achieve a generation that later understands the traffic problem and deals with it with great awareness and awareness, as all this takes root in Behaviors and gains inherited from school culture and sciences.
Education, culture and media are major sources of forming thought and behavior. Education is by its methodology and its contact with reality and its eagerness to inculcate the values that guide proper behavior, including traffic values that societies are keen to preserve through understanding and respecting traffic regulations and laws, starting from the intellectual content that provides experiences and experiences in An educational template in a systematic and coherent manner. As for the media, it is a basic partner for all the various parties, and it has an educational and preventive role that it can only play in cooperation with the concerned authorities, and it cannot replace any other party but rather an integral role for all sides, stressing the need to cooperate with the media. To deliver the traffic safety awareness message to members of society and reach the desired goal of that is to preserve lives and property
As for the ambulance and traffic medicine hub, this hub is one of the most important traffic safety hubs, and care must be taken to continuously develop ambulance and rescue services. This is based on the firm belief in the importance of man and an appreciation of the precious value of the integrity of the individual and his right to life; Providing help and assistance, saving lives and reducing complications of injuries.
And to ensure the vital role of ambulance and rescue in various accidents, it must be qualified in line with the global development in the field of rescue and ambulance services, to respond to meet all types of emergency accidents, by employing and using modern equipment and devices and training human cadres to deal with various accidents, and ensuring a response time according to standards International. And determining the needs, whether from the manpower or the required mechanisms, in addition to identifying the needs of qualified human cadres.
We do not forget the importance of conducting a study of all development areas and projects and determining their needs for emergency centers, mechanisms and human cadres, in coordination with the concerned authorities with the aim of increasing the number of ambulance and rescue centers, which contributes significantly to reducing the response time to accidents.